FDOT follows federal and state requirements throughout project development and works closely with governmental agencies and partners and the local community as we identify new projects and move them through the production process. 

Project documents, videos and other materials created during project development are available under Documents & Publications.

A project’s progression from planning to pavement may take 15 years, depending upon:

  • local transportation priorities
  • available funding
  • complexities of the roadway improvement

A project’s sequential phases of production are:

  • planning
  • Project Development & Environment Study
  • formal design
  • right-of-way acquisition
  • construction



  • US 41 is a transportation priority
  • FDOT has funded production phases in its five year work program
  • FDOT has funded construction in its five year work program
  • the five year work program is the state transportation plan 

Project Development and Environment (PD&E) Study

The PD&E Study is a federally required first step. It estimates costs for future phases of production, and evaluates:

  • engineering
  • environmental
  • social
  • historic and cultural effects

The PD&E Study also performs the following:

  • initiates public involvement and invites essential comments from public officials, agency partners,
    and members of the community
  • documents the need for the project
  • develops alternatives for roadway improvement
  • the “preferred alternative,” a conceptual design, is presented at a public hearing at the end of the study
  • documents are forwarded to the Federal Highway Administration for approval
  • the PD&E study for US 41 from 10th to 14th Street was completed in 2013


This segment of US 41 presently is under design.  The design phase moves the conceptual plan presented at a public hearing in the PD&E study into a formal set of construction drawings to be used to bid and build the job.  These final plans are very detailed roadway construction plans and include design of:

  • a stormwater drainage system
  • traffic signals
  • lighting systems
  • median openings
  • bridges (if the job includes structures)
  • a plan for signs to be installed along the road
  • utility plans if relocations are necessary to accommodate highway expansion
  • design of the roadway itself

Right-of-Way Acquisition

FDOT needs to acquire property to construct the roadway improvements along US 41. The right-of-way acquisition phase began in 2015. The process and details are described below:

  • right-of-way or land is used in the expansion of roadways and building stormwater ponds
  • land needs are defined and determined during design
  • when more land or property is needed than the state already owns, FDOT acquires property to increase the area of publicly-owned land so that roadway improvements are built within state-owned right-of-way
  • FDOT can only purchase property needed for transportation improvements (in accordance with Florida statute)
  • FDOT pays fair market value for any property or part of property acquired for road expansion
  • FDOT will notify property owners in writing if their land is affected
  • letters to affected property owners will provide names and contact information for right-of-way agents

More information about FDOT’s right-of-way acquisition process may be found under FDOT's right-of-way resources.



The construction phase is scheduled for 2017 and is funded.  The steps leading to construction are detailed below:

  • design plans must be completed
  • right-of-way acquisition must be concluded
  • FDOT will advertise the project for construction
  • qualified contractors may bid on the project
  • construction typically starts three or four months after FDOT hires the contractor
  • the contractor mobilizes crews and arranges for equipment and materials
  • construction jobs may take two to three years or longer depending on complexities of the project
  • after FDOT hires a contractor, more information is available about a project’s construction schedule
    and crews’ approach to the work